What is the Oil & Gas Industry? 

You can think of Oil & Gas in terms of three key areas: upstream, midstream and downstream. Take a look below for more details on what each means and how you could fit into this booming industry:


If you are part of the upstream component, also called E&P (exploration and production), you are part of a team that searches for and produces energy resources. For example, you might explore underground natural gas reserves or drill established wells to recover oil and gas.


The midstream industry is the vital link between production and consumers. Here, you will gather, store and transport, and even market raw materials (natural gas, crude oil, etc.) so they are ready for the next industry component: the downstream industry.


In the downstream component, you will work within skilled teams in factories to refine resources into the materials people use every day like gasoline, asphalt, and plastics.—these are just a few of thousands of other products produced here.

Skills Translation


With new technologies including automation, data collection, mobile computing, and analytics on the horizon to transform Oil & Gas, the industry needs people with your skills to maintain its economic health. 

Some veterans can transition directly into manufacturing careers while others require specialized training or certification from accredited programs. Industry-based educational programs allow veterans to quickly up-skill and prepare for manufacturing careers such as Project Management Professional (PMP) and Environmental Safety & Health Trainer certification.

Your resume should reflect the incredible things you have done to prepare for this industry, but translating those experiences can be difficult. To learn some tips on steps you should take while you create yours, read Tips for Writing a Resume for Veterans on our News page.

Additionally, Employers are ready to help you translate your unique skills to a career. Click "Leaders" below to connect with industry leading employers.

Featured Oil & Gas Careers

Scroll below to learn more about just a few of the career paths the Oil & Gas Industry provides to Veterans, members of the Guard and Reserve, transitioning service members and military families. Click on each job title for more details. (Note that all salary information was compiled from information provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics as an industry average.)



Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization’s computer networks and systems.                                          


$$59,025 - $71,760

Process engineers contribute to long-term project development, optimising chemical processes, or providing technical support to oil and gas production facilities, refineries and chemical plants – both onshore and offshore.



Pipeliners work independently and in teams to maintain and operate equipment and processes within Oil & Gas to ensure that everything works safely and efficiently.                             



Mechanics safely and effectively maintain process unit equipment and perform routine and specialized maintenance on equipment.            






Refinery operators control petroleum refining or processing units. They may also specialize in manifolding and pumping systems, gauging or testing oil in storage tanks, or regulating the flow of oil into oil pipelines.



The basic function of the I&E Engineer position is engineering design of electrical, instrumentation, and process control systems with primary focus on electrical systems.